The train b the blue train the train blue c the blue

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Unformatted text preview: through hams/ch and felp. 35 Parts of Speech: Distributional criteria We determine the category of a word by the affixes that are aOached to it and by the syntac/c context (where in the sentence) it appears in. This method of iden/fying syntac/c category is distribu4onal. 36 Parts of Speech: Distributional criteria Two kinds of distribu/onal criteria: – Morphological distribu/on (what morphemes can appear on the word) •  E.g.  ­ed appears on verbs in English, e.g. ‘pushed’,  ­s appears on nouns in English, e.g. ‘dogs’  ­er appears on adjec/ves in English, e.g. ‘happier’ – Syntac/c distribu/on (posi/on rela/ve to nearby words.) 37 a.  *In the cafeteria will eat his lunch the hungry linguist aver class. b.  *Will eat aver class the hungry linguist in the cafeteria his lunch. c. *His lunch aver class in the cafeteria will eat the hungry linguist. •  (*=ungramma/cal) 38 a.  [The hungry linguist] will eat his lunch in the cafeteria aver class. b.  [A linguist] will eat his lunch in the cafeteria aver class. c. [Bob] will eat his lunch in the cafeteria aver class. d. [He] will eat his lunch in the cafeteria aver class. 39 •  Elements that paOern alike with respect to which ‘slots’ they can occupy in a sentence are said to share the same syntac/c category. •  [The hungry linguist], [a linguist], [Bob] and [He] must all be th...
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2012 for the course LINGUISTIC LIN200 taught by Professor Naominagy during the Spring '10 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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