mood disorders

mood disorders - MOOD DISORDERS Module 51 Chapter Outline...

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MOOD DISORDERS Module 51
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Overview Mood Disorders Diagnosis of mood disorders Epidemiology BioPsychoSocial factors Factors Related to Depression Chapter Outline
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Mood Disorders Emotion – Broad term referring to subjective states of feeling Affect – observable displays of emotion (facial expression, speech rate) Mood – Sustained emotions Mood Disorders
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The way people feel: Dysphoria: most common symptom of depression Euphoria: found in those with mania Irritability: may be directed at self or others Anxiety: common in those with depression Emotional Symptoms
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Mood disorders also involve changes in the way people view themselves and their surroundings: -Trouble concentrating -Slowed thinking -Difficulty making decisions -Guilt -worethlessness -Self destructive ideas -Suicidal ideation Cognitive Symptoms
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Related to basic physiological or bodily functions: -Fatigue -Changes in appetite -Changes in sleep Somatic Symptoms
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Changes in the behaviors people engage in and the way that they engage in them: -Psychomotor retardation/agitation -Lose interest in previously enjoyable activities -Mania -Energetic -Gregarious Behavioral Symptoms
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Mood Disorders Dysphoria Euphoria Neutral Normal Mood Note – not due to direct effects of drugs, alcohol or other exogenous agent
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Mood Disorders Dysphoria Euphoria Neutral Normal Mood Clinical Syndromes Bipolar disorder I Bipolar disorder II Cyclothymia Clinical Syndromes Major Depression Dysthymia Seasonal Affective
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Major depressive episode underlies most Dysphoric disorders - 2 week period of 6 depressive symptoms, most of the day every day - Depressed mood - Reduced pleasure for activities - Sleeping problems - Eating problems - Low self-esteem - Concentration problems - Inappropriate feelings of guilt - Psychomotor problems - Suicidality Mood Disorders - Dysphoria Dysphoria Clinical Syndromes Major Depression Dysthymia Seasonal Affective
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Major depression- at least 1 major depressive episode. - Not bereavement related (for 2 months) - Must have social or occupational impairment **stays at the depression level constantly Mood Disorders - Dysphoria Dysphoria Clinical Syndromes Major Depression Dysthymia Seasonal Affective
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Dysthymia – chronic mild depression, present, more often than not, for at least 2 years Characterized by 2 or more: Appetite problems Sleeping problems Low energy Low self-esteem Poor concentration or decision making Hopelessness. **up and down all the time
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mood disorders - MOOD DISORDERS Module 51 Chapter Outline...

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