Ancient Games

Ancient Games - The Impetus for Early Sport A cult honoring...

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The Impetus for Early Sport A cult honoring the dead Cult honoring fertility- the mythical goddess of fertility and agriculture, Demeter, played in the games Training for military purposes Inherent urge for competition
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The Ancient Olympic Games 776 B.C.-393 A.D. Athletes were sculpted in towns, were on building signs, and pictures on dishes. The romans were brutal and violent, athletes were put in arena with animals and the winner was the last one alive. How did organized games start and what were they like? There were four kinds of games: (1) Informal contests : between soldiers as they trained or waited for battle, to pass time Plato advocated this theory He felt that they were important for the development of a strong military (2)Funeral games : well organized contests held by warriors after the funeral of a man killed in battle. Earliest one 1250 BC in Greece. Thought that participation in physical activities will assist in the resurrection of the dead.
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(4)Secular games - initially held in over 300 cities primarily for entertainment Similar to church fairs. Like carnival games and it was for fun and not for winning.
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Best known funeral game was described by Homer in book XXIII of The Iliad In the Iliad, sport activities and games were held at the funeral of the dead hero Patroclus Some games were chariot racing, boxing, wrestling, running, armed combative, discus and javelin throwing, and archery.
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Words & Terms Associated with the Games Arete’-term that embodies the cultural idea of excellence: the drive to excel, to be victorious, to be first and best in one’s category, and to perform deeds of heroism Ekecheiria- a sacred treaty or pact among the Greek city-states; a truce that stopped all fighting before games Paidotribe- the “coach” for ancient games that today would be a physical educator Ponos- Greek word for pain
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2012 for the course KIN 2501 taught by Professor Hargroder during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Ancient Games - The Impetus for Early Sport A cult honoring...

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