Anatomy (kin 2500)

Anatomy (kin 2500) - Anatomy: (Review sessions: Monday...

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Anatomy : (Review sessions: Monday 5-6:30; Thursday 4:30-6) 1/17 1. Anatomy: the study of the structures and relationship of the structures 2. Physiology: study of the function of the structures 3. Dissection: cutting apart (cadaver lab –age, occupation, C.O.D) 4. Prosection: body is already dissected, given a list of parts to observe and identify 5. Inspect: observe (LOOK) the body for anything 6. Palpation: TOUCH of the body; use of hands 7. Auscultation: LISTEN for sounds 8. Percussion: TAP on surface; listen for an echo ***chemical level cellular level tissue level organ level system level organismal level 9. Chemical level: made up of atoms and molecules; simplest level 10. Cellular level: basic structural and functional unit of any organ (2 or more organs joined) 11. Tissue level: group of cells that make up tissue that have specific functions 12. Organ level: 2 or more tissues make up an organ with specific functions; can share systems 13. System level: 2 or more organs make up a system ***All systems make up the human body LIFE PROCESSES: 14. Metabolism: additional and sum of all chemical processes 15. Responsiveness: detection and responses to internal and external stimuli 16. Movement: any levels (ex: muscular, blood, etc.) 17. Growth: increase in the number or size or cells and material that surrounds the cells 18. Differentiation: specialization of cells for specific function (ex: stem cells) 19. Reproduction: formation of new cells or individuals
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20. Anatomical position: (palms out, face forward, feet apart) *** change: SURAL (calf) and CURAL (leg front) PLANES: 21. Sagittal: vertical plane that divides body or organ into left and right 22. Mid-sagittal & Median: midline (equal left and right body parts; including organs) 23. Parasagittal: divides body into UN equal parts 24. Transverse: upper and lower division of the body parts 25. Frontal: anterior (front) and posterior (back) 26. Oblique: at an angle TERMS: 27. Superior: toward the head (moving higher) 28. Cranial: head 29. Inferior: toward the feet 30. Rostral: towards the nose/ mouth 31. Caudal: towards the tail 32. Ventral: anterior (toward the belly)
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33. Dorsal: posterior (toward the back)
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2012 for the course KIN 2500 taught by Professor Hargroder during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Anatomy (kin 2500) - Anatomy: (Review sessions: Monday...

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