15. Sigmond Freud- whywar

15. Sigmond Freud- whywar - Locate Sigmund Freud Why...

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Locate: Sigmund Freud - Why War (Wrote this essay as part of a plan launched with scientist Albert Einstein to exchange open letters on two issues: why did war occur and how to avoid it) Definition: Warning: Freud is very cautious about the theories he presented “set out the problem of avoiding war as it appears to psychological observer” rather than making practical proposal - Call it hypothesis and his answer is just a theory - Indulges in a little speculation - He adds that “it may seem as though our theories are a kind of mythology he defends this possibility by saying every science in the end comes as a kind of mythology like this. Cannot the same be said of physics - Describes the fruitlessness (ineffectiveness) of asking “an unworldly theoretician to advise on an urgent practical problem” - At the end, he apologizes to Einstein “If what I said has disappointed you” [due to it’s lack of concreteness and his conclusion that it is impossible to get rid of men’s aggressive inclination” because they are so deeply rooted in the human psyche (basically he is admitting that what is writing is based on ‘informed’ speculation, not scientific proof. In fairness to Freud, he could not – and we still cannot demonstrate with absolute scientific concreteness or evidence – but only indirectly) Psyche: What he identified are not actual physical entities but symbolic or conceptual psychological or psychoanalytical tools = heuristic devices - The psyche is the invisible animating principle or entity which occupies and directs the physical body Model of Human Psyche: External sources (family, religion, friends, school, society etc) -> superego (social conscious, morality internalized from outside sources. Appropriate behavior) -> ego = self -> Id (inborn source, instinct) - In normal personality, the ego balances the demands of id and of the superego. - Either the id or the superego controls the ego - Consciousness = socialization = suerperego – ego - Unconscious = id - Feelings are driven from the unconscious to the conscious by various coping technique such as: - Rechanneling - Suppression - Repression These feelings manifest themselves in various ways, such as: - Anxiety - Ambivalence
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- Projection The Oedipus & Electra Complexes: - Children at a very early age were a bundle of primitive or primary instinct especially sexually - Children were born with sexual urges and patients were their first external sexual objects - Boys were attracted to their mothers and regarded their fathers as rivals for their mother’s sexual affection (The Oedipus complex) - Girls had a similar sexual attraction to their fathers and regarded their mothers as sexual rivals (= The Electra Complex)
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2012 for the course HUMA 1720 taught by Professor Gleberzon during the Spring '12 term at York University.

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15. Sigmond Freud- whywar - Locate Sigmund Freud Why...

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