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Unformatted text preview: Liberman, Snedegar, Dallmann – PHL 140 – Euthanasia handout – October 4 th , 2011 Some arguments in favor of VAE: Battin: Arguments from mercy, autonomy, and justice:- MERCY: VAE is in accordance with the principle of mercy, which states: o When possible, we ought to relieve the pain and suffering of others, so long as this: Does not go against the suffering person’s wishes. We can relieve the suffering without violating our other moral obligations or inflicting extreme costs on ourselves. The suffering is not itself necessary for the sufferer’s attainment of some overall good.- AUTONOMY: People have the right to make their own choices so long as they don’t cause unreasonable harm to others. o In some cases the choice of VAE causes no unreasonable harm to others. o In those cases, people have the right to choose VAE.- JUSTICE: Euthanasia can lead to the most just distribution of resources. o It is unjust if we use up our limited resources on terminally ill people who do not wish to live when these resources can be better used by others. Hardwig: We have a duty to die: - Hardwig argues that you have a duty to die when you will be an undue burden on your loved ones—even if you do not actually want to do, you might be morally obligated to do so. o He does not offer a concrete rule for when we have a duty to die; see the text for his list of conditions that make the duty to die more/less likely.- Individuals are not the only people affected by their deaths—this is the ‘individualistic fallacy.’ Rather, our lives deeply affect others, and we need to consider the impact they have....
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- Fall '07
- VAE, Liberman