BusM390Session3_Ethical Reasoning_Frameworks_1

BusM390Session3_Ethical Reasoning_Frameworks_1 - Ethical...

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Ethical Reasoning Session 3 BusM 390
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Outline Consequentialism Deontology Virtue Social Contract
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But First. .. You boss is cheating on his wife and asks you to cover up for him.
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Assumption In order to classify what we come upon in experience as moral or the opposite, we must  already be in possession of some standard of morality…rationality…[it] separates us from the  beasts.
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Consequentialism (Goal Ethics)
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Consequentialism Utilitarianism:  Greatest happiness for  greatest number of  people. Cost-benefit analysis John Stuart Mill
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Cost benefit Consider not only cost/benefit but the  “quality” of that cost/benefit, or the  “intensity” of the pain/pleasure.
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Questions How do you measure happiness? How do you guarantee cause and effect? How do you justify substantial harm to one  for minor benefit to many?
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Happiness The  happiness  which forms the utilitarian  standard of what is right in conduct is not  one’s own happiness, but that of all  concerned. As between his own happiness  and that of others, utilitarianism requires  him to be as strictly impartial as a  disinterested and benevolent spectator. ~J.S. Mill
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Failures Utilitarianism fails to account for  considerations of justice: Examples: Apartheid Slavery Human Rights
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Failures More notably applicable, it requires  forecasting of unknowable future events Example: Deleterious side effects of  silicone breast implants.
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Deontology (Duty Ethics)
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BusM390Session3_Ethical Reasoning_Frameworks_1 - Ethical...

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