Step 3 Geography of Arabia

Step 3 Geography of Arabia - Coastal Plain A coastal plain...

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Deserts Deserts are extremely hot places in the summer, which the temperature reaches up to 120 degrees, and very cold in the winter! Rainfall is rare and they only get around 10 inches or less, preventing people to grow crops. Bits of sand and dirt also settle in deserts, making huge dunes, up to 500 feet! They are either hard-packed or loose like quicksand. There are also low shrubs and tough grass for grazing and wells of salty water. Oases An oasis is a fetile place near the middle of the desert. Rainwater usually evaporates or sinks into the underground river channels so the Arabians relied on wells and springs to hold the water that sank. This made it possible for crops such as date palms, citrus fruits, apricots, figs, wheat, alfalfa, and peaches to grow. The most important crops were the myrrh and the frankincense, gum reins of two trees and they were used for religious, sanitary, medicine, and cosmetic purposes.
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Unformatted text preview: Coastal Plain A coastal plain is level land along a coast that separates higher land from the sea. The coastal plain along the Arabian Peninsula is more humid than the inner part of it because of its close distance with the sea. Agriculture in the southwest part is varied, including coffee, grains, and many kinds of fruit. For thousands of years, the coastal plain has been the location of most of the trading cities and ports that connect it to the rest of Asia and Africa. Mountains The mountains of the Arabian Peninsula are located along the coast for about 50 miles. Their climate is mild during the day and clear at night. Extreme downpours and flashfloods occur at the height of the rainy season. Survival is difficult on the mountains except for wild goats because of its steep slopes. In the south and west areas, they are uneven from juniper forests that spread out among the jagged rocks and slopes....
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