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Step 3 Geography of Arabia(cont'd)

Step 3 Geography of Arabia(cont'd) - agricultural villages...

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Early History of Arabia Arabia’s travel routes were planned to go from oasis to oasis or well to well, which was also where most of the cities were located. They attracted nomads, who migrated regularly to find food for their camel herds. Nomads also traveled to trade goods and items such as camel meat and milk. In return, villagers gave them grain, city merchants traded manufactured wares such as weapons, carpets, cloth, sugar, and tea. There were also farmers and herders living in cities tending to the crops and animals. Nomads believed in lesser gods and made many idols for them. By AD 500, they had made more than 360 idols and Christian pictures. Merchants traded by traveling on trade routes between the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Arabian Sea, and the Persian Gulf, and some chose to stay in the trading centers they arrived at. There were three types of communities on the Arabian Peninsula: the city-dwellers, people living in
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Unformatted text preview: agricultural villages, or nomadic tribes. Seaports linked Arabia to Africa and Asia, so travelers could come to Arabia. Exotic cloth and fragrant spices came from India and ivory, gold, and ebony from Africa. Petra was a wonderful trading center, now known for its beauty. It had an open-air marketplace, also known as a suq , heavily stocked with wheat, olive oil, wine, hides, slaves, precious stones, and spices. Arabia - peninsula between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf caravan – a single file of pack animals journeying together to transport goods tribe – any system of social organization made up of villages, bands, or other groups with a common ancestry, language, culture, and name oasis – a small area in the desert watered by springs and wells nomad – a member of a group that moves from place to place following food, water, and grazing land for their herds pilgrimage – journey to a sacred site...
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