Step 4 Muhammad and the Birth of Islam

Step 4 Muhammad and the Birth of Islam - a fight Islam was...

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Muhammad was born in AD 570 in Mecca, a mountain town on a high desert plateau in western Arabia. He was married to Khadija, a wealthy tradeswoman, in 595 and had two sons, who both died close after birth, and four daughters. Every year, Muhammad would go to a desert cave on Mount Hira, and in 610, he received his first revelation, but he did not reveal it until three years later in 613. Then he tells all the people and it is mainly about monotheism. This led to the other tribes banning trade with Mecca, which caused famine and Muhammad’s uncle and wife died. In 622, Muhammad and the Meccan people emigrate to Yathrib, whose name later changed to Medina meaning “City of the Prophet.” Muhammad had gotten many people to change to Muslim and they all went on a conquest to Mecca in 630, where they surrendered without
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Unformatted text preview: a fight. Islam was started when Muhammad received a revelation from God in 610. People plotted to kill him so he emigrated to Medina and this journey was called the Hijrah, marking the beginning of the Islamic lunar calendar. Jews and Arabs were attracted to the people of Medina because they were about to have civil war and they were hoping that Muhammad could help reunite them. In the end, enemies of Muslims, the Quaraysh, tried to get help to go against the Muslims, fearing the loss of their power and wealth. monotheism – belief in one God prophet – an interpreter of God’s will Islam – a religion based on the teachings of the prophet Muhammad that believes in one god, Allah; the laws of Islam are found in the Qur’an and the Sunna Muslim – a believer in Islam...
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