Hist87 Lectures and Notes

Hist87 Lectures and Notes - History 87 Lectures 00:13...

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Unformatted text preview: History 87 Lectures 00:13 9/27/11 - Paleolithic, Jomon, and Yayoi Culture Course Timeline of Eras Paleolithic (30,000 BCE – 15,000 BC) Jomon (15,000 BC – 300 BC) Yayoi (300 BC – 250 AD) Kofun – Tomb Mound (250 – 538) Imperial Asuka (538 – 710) Nara (710 – 794) Aristocratic Heian (794 – 1185) Warrior/Samurai Kamakura (1185 – 1333) Kenmu Restoration (1333 – 1336) Muromachi – Ashikaga (1336 – 1392) Northern and Southern Court Era (1336 – 1392) Sengoku (1467 – 1573) Azushi-Momoyama (1568 – 1603) Nanban trade Edo – Tokugawa (1603 – 1868) Constitutional - Modern Historical era begins less than 2000 years ago Today people think of three ethnicities coming from ancient times: Ainu from Hokkaido depending on era most people in Hokkaido now think of themselves as Wajin Wajin Basic central Japanese identity Ryukyuan From the southern islands But reality is far more complex. Identities are historic and created. People migrated from all over asia and mixed Wajin name originates from Chinese calling people of Japan islands 200 years ago people in Japan would have a very difficult time understanding each other Ainu and Ryukyuan are generally discriminated against from Wajin Paleolithic From 30,000 BCE or so until 14,000-12,000 BCE “Old Stone Age” means before pottery and or agriculture Hunters and gatherers and fishers Used stone blades and other tools similar to those found in Asia Houses are pit dwellings like huts, built down deep and protects from wind and temperatures Seen throughout other eras, not any different 20,000 BCE - glaciation Upper Paleolithic • Archaeologist Fujimura Shin’ichi (1950- ) becomes very famous finding evidence of life before 30,000 BCE from stones From where did people immigrate to Japan? Many waves of peoples • Used an approach using DNA types • Linguistically related to Korean and Mongolian o Some say Turko Altaic o Others say origins in SE Asia – primarily China o Connections to Siberia before the ice bridge separated Large, loosely integrated cultural complex o From arrival of new technologies and groups of people (Northeast Asia) o Climate change and warming from the Ice Age separated Japanese archipelago from main land o Continental developments near Korean Peninsula Jomon Neolithic • From 14,500 BCE till 1000 BCE in Kyushu or 300 BCE in Kanto • Neolithic means pottery • Jomon means “cord marked” or “rope pattern”– comes from its early pottery, rolling knotted cords over the damp clay • Ainu peoples of Northern Japan probably inherit Jomon culture and...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2012 for the course HISTORY 87 taught by Professor Roberts during the Fall '11 term at UCSB.

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Hist87 Lectures and Notes - History 87 Lectures 00:13...

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