Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 An organization 1. Definition- a...

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Chapter 2 An organization 1. Definition- a stable, formal social structure that takes resources from the Environment and processes them to produce outputs. 2. Three elements- capital, labour , land 3. Behaviour definition- a collection of rights, privileges, obligations, and responsibilities that is delicately balanced over a period of time through conflict and conflict resolution. 4. From information system perspective- building new information systems, or rebuilding old ones, involve much more than a technical rearrangement of machines or workers. - change the organizational balance of rights, privileges, obligations and responsibilities. 5. Feature of organizations (1) routines and business processes called standard operating procedures precise rules, procedures, and practices that have been developed to cope with virtually all expected situations. objectives : reduce cost and increase efficiency (2)organizational politics the great difficulties of bringing about organization change is political resistance (3)organizational culture a powerful restraint on change, especially technological change. if there is a conflict on technological change and culture, install technology first, then adjusts culture. (4)organizational environments organization and environments have a r eciprocal relationships information system is the key instrument for environmental scanning Primary production factors from environment Transfer into products and services Affect the kind of information systems used Identify external change that require organization to response
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disruptive technologies: riding the wave example: business history "first mover" do not always beneficial if they lack of resource to see whether success or not to see the opportunity. (5)organizational structure (6)organizational goals (7)organizational constituencies between employees (8)organizational leadership style Information system influence the organization 1. Economic impact increase investment in IT to decrease cost of other relative capital investment information system helps the organization to contract the size in order to reduce the transaction cost e.g. Outsourcing reduce the internal management cost e.g. Shrinking the number of middle managers and clerical workers 2.
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2012 for the course INFS 1602 taught by Professor Bradley during the Three '12 term at University of New South Wales.

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Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 An organization 1. Definition- a...

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