BMS110 Chapter 2 Study Guide

BMS110 Chapter 2 Study Guide - BMS110 Section A/D/Z Fall...

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BMS110 Section A/D/Z Fall 2011 BMS110 Chapter 2 Study Guide 1. What are the elements (organic and inorganic) required for life? a. Organic molecules i. H (Hydrogen) ii. O (Oxygen) iii. C (Carbon) iv. N (Nitrogen) v. S (Sulfur) vi. P (Phosphorus) b. Inorganic i. Cl (Chlorine) ii. Na (Sodium) iii. Mg (Magnesium) iv. K (Potassium) v. Ca (Calcium) 2. What is an atom, element, subatomic particles, etc.? a. Atom - is the smallest unit of an element b. Elements - are pure substances that are the building blocks of life and chemically cannot be broken down and consists of one type of atom c. Molecule- atoms bound together d. Subatomic particles - proton, neutron, electron e. Nucleus- protons and neutron 3. What are the 3 types of bonds and how do they work and an example of each? a. Covalent- Strongest bond; share electrons b. Ionic- Donate or accept electrons c. Hydrogen- Weak bond; between hydrogen and another atom (forms partial charge) 4. What are the properties of water that make it unique? a.
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BMS110 Chapter 2 Study Guide - BMS110 Section A/D/Z Fall...

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