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BMS110 Chapter 4 Study Guide - BMS110 Section A/D/Z Fall...

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BMS110 Section A/D/Z Fall 2011 BMS110 Chapter 4 Study Guide 1. What is a tissue? a. Collection of cells of the same type that perform a common function 2. What are the 4 main types of tissue? a. Epithelial b. Connective c. Muscular d. Nervous 3. What is the basement membrane? a. Holds down cells 4. What is transitional epithelium and where is it found? a. Stretches; when empty stratified, when full simple 5. Name the 5 major types of epithelial tissue and where they are found? a. Simple i. Linings of blood vessels, lung alveoli b. Stratified c. Squamous d. Cubodial e. Columnar 6. What are the 2 types of glands and what makes them different? a. Exocrine i. Substances released through ducts or tubes b. Endocrine i. Substances released directly into the extracellular fluid 7. What are the 3 types of connections between cells and what are they used for? a. Gap junction: share cytoplasm b. Tight junctions: nothing go between c. Adhering junctions: little flexibility 8. What is the function of connective tissue? a. Connects, supports, and anchors the body’s parts b. Makes up more of your body than any other tissue 9. What is matrix (extracellular matrix; ECM; EM)? a. The blend of cells, fibers, and ground substances that gives each type of connective tissue the specialized properties 1
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BMS110 Section A/D/Z Fall 2011 10. What is ground substance? a. Polysaccharides b. Noncelluar; ranges from hard to liquid 11. What are the 3 types of protein fibers in the matrix? a. Elastic b. Reticular c. Collagen 12. What are the 3 types of connective tissue? a. Fibrous b. Special 13. What are the 2 main types of fibrous connective tissue? a. Loose b. Dense 14. What are fibrous connective tissue made of and the cells in it? a. Made up of fibroblast cells 15. What are tendons and ligaments?
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