POL200Y - March 21st Notes

POL200Y - March 21st Notes - POL200Y – March 21 st 2012...

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Unformatted text preview: POL200Y – March 21 st 2012 Locke- The beginning of modern liberal democratic thought- “drowned out” style; Hobbes = scare, Locke = lull- There is no political authority in the bible (no natural authority)- So we need an account of legitimate authority The state of nature and the state of war- Different things for Locke, same thing for Hobbes Chapter 3 Section 19- The state of nature: o Benevolent to man, not hostile to man (like Hobbes would claim) o Ideal beginnings, state where men live together with no common authority o Only applies when one’s life is not in danger- The state of war: o The use of force without right o Does not end in the state of nature- Hobbes and Locke agree that life is intolerably brutal and dangerous in the state of nature and state of war- But disagree on Monarchical authority (Locke says monarchical authority is even worse) o Monarchs are men, so one man commanding a multitude of people and being the only judge of himself is just as intolerable as the state of nature (reproduces problem of the state of nature in a different form) o In favour of liberal democracy Chapter 2 - State of nature is a state of perfect freedom (S)- “within the bounds of the state of nature” -> suggests state of nature is ordered (D)- A state of equality (S, but Locke claims its obvious, and Hobbes argues for it)...
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POL200Y - March 21st Notes - POL200Y – March 21 st 2012...

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