UtilitarianismBookNotes

UtilitarianismBookNotes - Utilitarianism Crisp Mill...

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Utilitarianism: Crisp & Mill http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/m/mill/john_stuart/m645u/chapter2.html 1. Utilitarian: believed that human actions and institution should be directed to promoting the greatest overall ‘utility’ ~ meant to be happiness or pleasure the greatest happiness principle (2) 2. Emphasis on the important of individuality, autonomy & self-cultured (3) 3. Formed the Utilitarian Society a. Intellectual circle of people who share the belief in the greatest happiness principle 4. Wife, Taylor, provided the influence needed to assist the direction of Mill’s thinking with her livelihood, imaginative intelligence 5. “When we engage in a pursuit, a clear and precise conception of what we are pursuing would seem to be the first thing we need, instead of the last we are to look forward to. “ 2 para. 6. “For- besides that the existence of such- a moral instinct is itself one of the matters in dispute - those believers in it who have any pretensions to philosophy, have been obliged to abandon the idea that it discerns what is right or wrong in the particular case in hand, as our other senses discern the sight or sound actually present.” 3 rd para. a. Conscience b. Philosophers have to disagree with this idea of conscience to decide what is right or wrong c. Used this idea of moral judgments but are not to be something concrete but instead viewed in an abstract light. 7. Views on how to determine right from wrong a. “According to the one opinion, the principles of morals are evident a priori, requiring nothing to command assent, except that the meaning of the terms be understood” b.
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