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Unformatted text preview: The Psychological Therapies:- Psychological therapy (psychotherapy) is a planned emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained, socially sanctioned healer and a suffer- P SYCHOTHERAPY = an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist & someone who suffers from psychological difficulties.- 250 types of psychotherapy are identified Built off of major therapies: psychoanalytic, humanistic, behavioral & cognitive- E CLECTIC APPROACH = an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the clients problem, uses techniques from various forms of therapy- Eclecticism is related to psychotherapy integration. Psychoanalysis- Sigmund Freuds therapeutic technique- Freud believed that patients free associations, resistances, dreams & transferences -and the therapists interpretations of them- released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight- Assumes that psychological problems are derived from repressed impulses & conflicts from childhood.- Built on the assumptions that repressed memories exists- Psychoanalysts acknowledge its hard to prove or disprove their interpretations, however their insight are often a great help to the patient- Psychoanalysis is therapy, not a science- Traditional psychoanalysis takes a lot of sessions & is expensive Three times a week for 2 years at more than $100 per hour comes to at least $30,000- Job of a psychoanalyst => Bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness where the patient can deal with them Explore sensitive areas; making you aware of your resistances and then interpreting their underlying meaning I NTERPRETATION =suggestions of underlying wishes, feelings, and conflicts- provides another with insight R ESISTANCE = the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material To know thyself in a deep way- the patient works through the buried feelings- Methods Freud discarded hypnosis as unreliable therefore turned to free association Process => the analyst invites you to relax, perhaps by lying on a couch. They will then probably help you focus your attention on your own thoughts & feelings by sitting out of your line of vision. Being with childhood memory, a dream or a recent experience, you say aloud whatever comes to your mind from moment to moment This process allows the patient to notice how often they edit their thoughts; omitting trivial, irrelevant or shameful/ embarrassing. May lead to joking, changing the subject or blank outs of important information creating a block of your free association (resistance) Freud believed repressed impulses could be found in dreams latent content => when told to an analyst, they can offer a suggesting meaning- During a psychoanalysis session=> May experience strong positive or negative feelings for your alalyst Freud refers this action as transferring your strongest feelings from those other relationships to the analyst T...
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- Spring '06