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Unformatted text preview: The Psychological Therapies:- Psychological therapy (psychotherapy) is “a planned emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained, socially sanctioned healer and a suffer”- P SYCHOTHERAPY = an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist & someone who suffers from psychological difficulties.- 250 types of psychotherapy are identified • Built off of major therapies: psychoanalytic, humanistic, behavioral & cognitive- E CLECTIC APPROACH = an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client’s problem, uses techniques from various forms of therapy- Eclecticism is related to psychotherapy integration. Psychoanalysis- Sigmund Freud’s therapeutic technique- Freud believed that patient’s free associations, resistances, dreams & transferences -and the therapist’s interpretations of them- released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight- Assumes that psychological problems are derived from repressed impulses & conflicts from childhood.- Built on the assumptions that repressed memories exists- Psychoanalysts acknowledge its hard to prove or disprove their interpretations, however their insight are often a great help to the patient- Psychoanalysis is therapy, not a science- Traditional psychoanalysis takes a lot of sessions & is expensive • Three times a week for 2 years at more than $100 per hour comes to at least $30,000- Job of a psychoanalyst => • Bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness where the patient can deal with them • Explore sensitive areas; making you aware of your resistances and then interpreting their underlying meaning • I NTERPRETATION =suggestions of underlying wishes, feelings, and conflicts- provides another with insight • R ESISTANCE = the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material To “know thyself” in a deep way- the patient “works through” the buried feelings- Methods • Freud discarded hypnosis as unreliable therefore turned to free association • Process => the analyst invites you to relax, perhaps by lying on a couch. They will then probably help you focus your attention on your own thoughts & feelings by sitting out of your line of vision. Being with childhood memory, a dream or a recent experience, you say aloud whatever comes to your mind from moment to moment • This process allows the patient to notice how often they edit their thoughts; omitting trivial, irrelevant or shameful/ embarrassing. May lead to joking, changing the subject or blank outs of important information creating a block of your free association (resistance) • Freud believed repressed impulses could be found in dream’s latent content => when told to an analyst, they can offer a suggesting meaning- During a psychoanalysis session=> • May experience strong positive or negative feelings for your alalyst • Freud refers this action as transferring your strongest feelings from those other relationships to the analyst • T...
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- Spring '06
- Psychotherapy, analyst, (person-centered therapy)