modele 50 - The Psychological Therapies:- Psychological...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: The Psychological Therapies:- Psychological therapy (psychotherapy) is a planned emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained, socially sanctioned healer and a suffer- P SYCHOTHERAPY = an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist & someone who suffers from psychological difficulties.- 250 types of psychotherapy are identified Built off of major therapies: psychoanalytic, humanistic, behavioral & cognitive- E CLECTIC APPROACH = an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the clients problem, uses techniques from various forms of therapy- Eclecticism is related to psychotherapy integration. Psychoanalysis- Sigmund Freuds therapeutic technique- Freud believed that patients free associations, resistances, dreams & transferences -and the therapists interpretations of them- released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight- Assumes that psychological problems are derived from repressed impulses & conflicts from childhood.- Built on the assumptions that repressed memories exists- Psychoanalysts acknowledge its hard to prove or disprove their interpretations, however their insight are often a great help to the patient- Psychoanalysis is therapy, not a science- Traditional psychoanalysis takes a lot of sessions & is expensive Three times a week for 2 years at more than $100 per hour comes to at least $30,000- Job of a psychoanalyst => Bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness where the patient can deal with them Explore sensitive areas; making you aware of your resistances and then interpreting their underlying meaning I NTERPRETATION =suggestions of underlying wishes, feelings, and conflicts- provides another with insight R ESISTANCE = the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material To know thyself in a deep way- the patient works through the buried feelings- Methods Freud discarded hypnosis as unreliable therefore turned to free association Process => the analyst invites you to relax, perhaps by lying on a couch. They will then probably help you focus your attention on your own thoughts & feelings by sitting out of your line of vision. Being with childhood memory, a dream or a recent experience, you say aloud whatever comes to your mind from moment to moment This process allows the patient to notice how often they edit their thoughts; omitting trivial, irrelevant or shameful/ embarrassing. May lead to joking, changing the subject or blank outs of important information creating a block of your free association (resistance) Freud believed repressed impulses could be found in dreams latent content => when told to an analyst, they can offer a suggesting meaning- During a psychoanalysis session=> May experience strong positive or negative feelings for your alalyst Freud refers this action as transferring your strongest feelings from those other relationships to the analyst T...
View Full Document

Page1 / 8

modele 50 - The Psychological Therapies:- Psychological...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online