Research_methods_1-_ap

Research_methods_1-_ap - I have no special talents. I am...

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“I have no special talents. I am only passionately curious” - Albert Einstein
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Psychology as a Science In this lecture we will discuss: science - a method for understanding limits of common sense methods of science description correlation experimentation evaluating data with statistics sources of error and bias in research
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Research Strategies How can we separate uniformed opinions from examined conclusions? How can we best use psychology to understand why people think, feel, and act as they do? Critical Thinking Scientific Attitude
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Kitty Genovese Bystander apathy Diffusion of responsibility
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Experimental Design 1. The Problem - statement and definition of the phenomena to be investigated 2. Hypothesis - testable prediction about Behavior or mental processes NEEDS to be clear and precise Terms used need to be defined objectively 3 . Independent Variable- (I.V.) the controlled factor in an experiment hypothesized to cause an effect on another variable Factor or event deliberately introduced into the experiment.*
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Independent Variable Cont’d Simplest is Experimental vs. Control Experimental gets treatment Control does not
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Experimental Design Cont’d 4. Dependent variable (D.V.) the measured facts Hypothesized to be affected Reactions or changes occurring in the organism as a result of the introduction of the I.V The factor which the experimenter introduces is the I.V and its effect is the D.V
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Step 1- Identify Identify Question of Interest Kitty Genovese is murdered. The attack lasts over 30 min. Neighbors fail even to call the police until it is too late. The public is shocked WHY did no one help?
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Step 2- Hypothosize Gather Info and form Hypothesis A diffusion of responsibility may have occurred Hypothesis: IF multiple bystanders are present, THEN each bystanders likelihood of intervening will decrease
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Step 3- Test Test hypothesis by conducting research Conduct experiment by creating an emergency in a
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2012 for the course PHIL 111 taught by Professor Jean during the Spring '06 term at Cal Poly.

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Research_methods_1-_ap - I have no special talents. I am...

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