Lecture+27+food+regulations

Lecture+27+food+regulations - U.S. FOOD REGULATIONS Linda...

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FST 104 March 2012, Linda J. Harris, Ph.D. 1 U.S. FOOD REGULATIONS Linda J. Harris, Ph.D. Food Science and Technology University of California, Davis March 2012 Outline ¨ Overview of U.S. food regulations pertaining to production and processing of safe food ¤ Emphasis on microbial food safety ¨ Not intended to be comprehensive ¨ Some simplification due to time constraints
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FST 104 March 2012, Linda J. Harris, Ph.D. 2 Food Regulations - International ¨ World Trade Organization ¨ Codex Alimentarius ¤ Established in 1963 by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) n Public health and fair international trade practices ¨ Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) ¤ retailers and manufacturers developed ¤ food safety across the supply chain Government Regulation of Food ¨ Objectives ¤ Ensure safety and wholesomeness of food ¤ Prevent economic fraud or deception ¤ Inform consumers about food nutritional content ¨ Rationale ¤ Protect and educate consumers ¤ Set high standards for food industry ¤ Protect food industry from unethical competition ¨ Oversight and regulation ¤ Where is the food made and sold? ¤ What type of food?
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FST 104 March 2012, Linda J. Harris, Ph.D. 3 Farm Packer/ Processor Retail or Food Service Home The Simplifed Food System
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FST 104 March 2012, Linda J. Harris, Ph.D. 4 Federal Interstate Shipments US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) Meat, Poultry (Amenable Species) and Farm Raised Catfish (Catfish proposed rule 2-24-11) Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), Quality of Raw Agricultural Commodities Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) All foods not covered by USDA Overview of Federal Food Agencies (USDA and FDA) Regulating Foods Federal Government Regulation ¨ Food & Drug Administration (FDA) ¤ Most foods ¤ Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 21 ¨ U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) ¤ Food Safety and Inspection Services (FSIS) n Meat and poultry products (most) and farm-raised catfish n CFR 9 ¨ Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms ¤ Alcoholic beverages ¨ Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ¤ Pesticide safety (including sanitizers used in processing facilities) ¤ Water safety and wastewater treatment
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FST 104 March 2012, Linda J. Harris, Ph.D.
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Lecture+27+food+regulations - U.S. FOOD REGULATIONS Linda...

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