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Unformatted text preview: PARTIAL STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 1 Differences in Native American cultures Northern Civilizations: United States and Canada Mixture of nomadic and sedentary Eastern society make up Southern Civilizations: South and Central Americas Incas in Peru Mayans in Mexico Aztec take over central Mexico from Mayans Accomplishments of society Goals of explorers: 1. Desire for new trade routes to Asia Medicines, silks, perfumes Problems with old trade route Expensive because of tolls Bandits Closed off the Muslim world 2. Emergence of large nation states Prior to 1450s most European countries had rivals (sometimes warring kingdoms) Cant pool resources to finance exploration Crusades made previous dominant lords weak, and new leaders emerged These leader strablished the mdern nations of Europe 1469 Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castille married which unified the two kingdoms of Spain 1453 Louis XI emerged from 100 year war ad the leader of unified France 1485 Henry VII was the winner in War of Roses which unified England...
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