Chapter 1 Vocabulary

Chapter 1 Vocabulary - Chapter 1 Vocabulary 1. Anatomy: The...

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Chapter 1 Vocabulary 1. Anatomy: The study of the form and structure of an animal body and its parts. Through anatomy we can describe where things are located in or on the animal body and what they look like. 2. Physiology: The study of the functions of the animal body and its parts. Through physiology, we can describe how parts of the body work and what their functions are. 3. Microscopic anatomy: The study of anatomical parts too small to be seen with the unaided eye, such as cells and tissues. 4. Macroscopic anatomy (gross anatomy): Also called gross anatomy; the study of body parts large enough to be seen without magnification, such as lung, leg, or brain. 5. Regional anatomy: A method of studying anatomy that examines all the component structures that make up each region of the body. For example, the regional approach to the abdominal anatomy would examine all the cells, tissues, organs, muscles, blood vessels, and nerves that are present in the abdomen, 6. Systemic anatomy: A method of studying anatomy that examines each system of the body (e.g., skeletal system, reproductive system) as separate topics. 7. Planes of reference: Any of four basic imaginary slices through an animal body oriented at right angles of each other. They provide points or areas of reference for descriptions of direction or location. The four anatomical planes of reference are the sagittal plane, median plane, transverse plane, and dorsal plane. 8. Sagittal plane: An anatomical reference plane; the sagittal plane runs lengthwise, dividing the body into left and right parts that are not necessarily equal halves; see median plane . 9. Median plane: An anatomical reference plane. A median plane is a sagittal plane that runs down the center of the body and divides it into equal left and right halves. It is also called a midsagittal plane . 10. Transverse plane: An anatomical reference plane across the body that divides it into cranial (head-end) and caudal (tail-end) parts that are not necessarily equal. 11. Dorsal plane: An anatomical reference plane that divides the body into dorsal (upper) and ventral (lower) parts that are not necessarily equal. 12. Frontal plane: A human anatomical reference that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts, equivalent to the dorsal plane of four-legged animals. 13. Cranial:
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2012 for the course NRM 2406 taught by Professor Dabbert during the Spring '12 term at Texas Tech.

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Chapter 1 Vocabulary - Chapter 1 Vocabulary 1. Anatomy: The...

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