Chapter 9 homework solutions

Chapter 9 homework solutions - Chapter 9 Reporting and...

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Chapter 9 Reporting and Interpreting Liabilities ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS 1. Liabilities are obligations that result from past transactions that require future payment of assets or the future performance of services, that are definite in amount or are subject to reasonable estimation. A liability usually has a definite payment date known as the maturity or due date. A current liability is a short-term liability; that is, one that will be paid during the coming year or the current operating cycle of the business, whichever is longer. It is assumed that the current liability will be paid out of current assets. All other liabilities are defined as long-term liabilities. 5. Working capital is computed as total current assets minus total current liabilities. It is the amount of current assets that would remain if all current liabilities were paid, assuming no loss or gain on liquidation of those assets. 6. The current ratio is the percentage relationship of current assets to current liabilities. It is computed by dividing current assets by current liabilities. For example, assuming current assets of $200,000 and current liabilities of $100,000, the current ratio would be $200,000/$100,000 = 2.0 (for each dollar of current liabilities there are two dollars of current assets). The current ratio is influenced by the amount of current liabilities. Therefore, it is particularly important that liabilities be considered carefully before classifying them as current versus long term. The shifting of a liability from one of these categories to the other often may affect the current ratio significantly. This ratio is used by creditors because it is an important index of ability to meet short-term obligations. Thus, the proper classification of liabilities is particularly significant. 7. An accrued liability is an expense that was incurred before the end of the current period but has not been paid or recorded. Therefore, an accrued liability is recognized when such a transaction is recorded. A typical example is wages incurred during the last few days of the accounting period but not recorded because no payroll was prepared and paid that included these wages. Assuming wages of $2,000 were incurred, the adjusting entry to record the accrued liability and the wage expense would be as follows: December 31: Wage expense (+E, -SE)…………………………………… 2,000 Wages payable (+L) . ..... …………………………………. . 2,000
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8. A deferred revenue (usually called unearned revenue or revenue collected in advance) is a revenue that has been collected in advance of being earned and recorded in the accounts by the entity. Because the amount already has been collected and the goods or services have not been provided, there is a liability to provide goods or services to the party who made the payment in advance. A typical example is the collection of rent on December 15 for one full month to January 15 when the accounting period ends on December 31. At the date of the collection of the rent the following entry usually is made:
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Chapter 9 homework solutions - Chapter 9 Reporting and...

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