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Unformatted text preview: Tense and Aspect in Romanian Teodora Mihoc March 10, 2012 Romanian verbs are highly inflected according to person, number, tense, mood, voice. In all the verb may be expressed in 9 moods, and many different tenses and aspects. Non-finite moods: 1 Infinitive Time : Technically atemporal. Expresses an action regarded as a process, without beginning or end, located in time with regard to a finite verb which functions as the time reference. Aspect : imperfective or perfective. Although non-predicative, it may co-occur with a nominative pronoun, as its verb. 1.1 Present Infinitive This is the ’dictionary’ form of a verb. 1 Time : Technically atemporal; takes on the temporal specifications of the predicative verb. Aspect : does not have aspect. Compound structure: Infinitive preposi- tion verb root Infinitive inflection (4 conjugation types) final form a cˆant- ved- merg- prim- 1conj.:-a 2conj.:-ea 3conj.:-e 3conj.: -i/ˆ ı a cˆanta a vedea a merge a primi Uses: 1 As we will see in the following, the inflected form of a Romanian verb is the result of a wide array of factors, including the conjugation type of the verb, its person, number, tense, and not least, the phonological form of the verb. Aside from rules prescribing the combination of the various suffixes, a series of phonological rules may also apply, such as:- the insertion of epenthetic vowels at the boundary between verb root and inflectional endings;- phonological alternations in the stem or the inflectional ending: e-˘a, e-ea, o-oa, d-z, sc-s ¸t, s-s , , t-t¸, etc. As can be guessed, the conjugation of Romanian verbs is not an easy task, although the learner may come to appreciate, with time, certain phonological patterns. 1 1 INFINITIVE 2 • Helps build compound moods and tenses (e.g. the Conditional-Optative, Future, Presumptive, etc.) (the bare form, without a ). (1) Cˆand when va AUX.will.3SG sosi? arrive ’When will s/he arrive?’ (2) As ¸ AUX.COND.1SG merge, go dar but nu not am have.1SG timp. time ’I would go, but I don’t have time.’ • Nominal value. (3) A A gres , i err e is omenesc. human ’To err is human.’ • Can replace finite moods such as the Subjunctive or the Indicative in subordinate clauses controlled by another finite verb (although the Subjunctive and, respectively, the Indicative are preferred). Can replace the Imperative, especially in instructions or general recommendations. (4) Se.cuvine it.is.fitting a A preciza mention.INF c˘a... that vs. vs. Se.cuvine it.is.fitting s˘a S ˘ A preciz˘am mention.1PL+CONJ c˘a... that ’We ought to mention that...’ vs. ’It is fitting that we should mention that...’ (5) A A se IMPERS.SE manevra manipulate.INF cu with grij˘a....
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2012 for the course LINGUISTIC None taught by Professor None during the Spring '12 term at University of Ottawa.
- Spring '12