Week 3 - Alfred Adler Tabitha Floyd PSY 330 Theories of...

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Alfred Adler Tabitha Floyd PSY: 330 Theories of Personality Julie Bruno June 21, 2010
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Alfred Adler Alfred Adler started his career as an Austrian medical doctor. He was born February 7, 1870 in Vienna, Austria. During his childhood he had a disease of rickets. He almost died of pneumonia when he was five and it was at then he decided he wanted to become a doctor. In 1888, he began his studies at the University Of Vienna Medical School. He received his medical degree in1895. He belong to a small social group. In this group is where he met his wife who he married in 1897. They later had four children. Two of his children followed in his foot steps and join the field of psychology. His interest grows toward the field of psychiatry. He joined Sigmund Freud’s psychologist discussions. In 1910 Adler became President of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. Freud appointment him this position in hope that it would help with the bad relationship that they had. It did not help. Adler and Freud parted ways in 1911 for good in a bitter ending. This led Adler to form his own group which he first called The Society for free Psychoanalytic Inquiry. He had many contributions to the field of psychology. Among these contributions was that he was founder of the school of individual psychology. He gave others the benefit to study the field of psychology. The school used techniques and tools primarily from the work of Alfred Adler .” Techniques used include: using the Socratic method to clarify meaning and gain insight; providing support through empathy and
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relationship; encouragement to stimulate movement in new directions; facilitate client insight of what needs to be changed; support change by converting insights into new attitudes and behaviors; support the development of social interest, cooperation, and empathy to others; challenge client to adopt new values and lifestyle; strengthen feeling of connectedness; and promote a path of continual growth for self and others Alfred Adler. (2008, August 29). New World Encyclopedia . Retrieved 16:54, June 18, 2010 from http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Alfred_Adler?oldid=794204.” Another one of his contribution was his work on feelings of inferiority. He felt that all human enter life feeling inferior because we have to depend on adults for survival. Adler says “The greater the feeling of inferiority that has been experienced, the more powerful is the urge to conquest and the more violent the emotional agitation.”(Adler, 2008) Adler advanced the theory of the inferiority complex to explain cases of psychopathology. Adler says that since the feeling of inferiority is regarded as a sign of weakness and as something shameful, there is naturally a strong tendency to conceal it. Sometimes the person will conceal the inferiority so much that the person himself may not be aware of his inferiority. The person may be preoccupied and have trained themselves to feel so superior that they
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2012 for the course PHY 372 taught by Professor Melanierodriguez during the Spring '12 term at Ashford University.

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Week 3 - Alfred Adler Tabitha Floyd PSY 330 Theories of...

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