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essay18 - RhettS.James MarcioCarvalheiro History170...

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AMERICAN CIVILIZATION UNITED STATES HISTORY 170 Rhett S. James Marcio Carvalheiro History 170 Chapter 18 October 27, 2008 The age of the City 1. Melting Pot The most important source of urban population growth in the late  nineteenth century, however, was the arrival of great numbers of new  immigrants from abroad. Some came from Canada, Latin America, and  particularly on the West Coast, China and Japan. But the greatest number came from Europe. After 1880, the flow of new arrivals began to include  large numbers of people from southern and eastern Europe. By the 1890’s,  more than half of all immigrants came from these regions. 1 2. Anti – Civil Right Among those leaving rural America for industrial cities in the 1880’s  were southern blacks. They were escaping the poverty, debt, violence, and  oppression they faced in the rural South. They were also seeking new  opportunities in cities. Factory jobs for blacks were rare and professional  opportunities almost nonexistent. Urban blacks tended to work as cooks,  janitors, and domestic servants, as well as in other service occupations. 
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