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AMERICAN CIVILIZATION UNITED STATES HISTORY 170 Rhett S. James Marcio Carvalheiro History 170 Chapter 20 November 4, 2008 The Imperial Republic 1. Imperialism Throughout the first half of the nineteenth century, as the population of the United States grew and pressed westward, the government, through purchase or conquest, had continually acquired new lands: the trans-Appalachian West, the Louisiana Territory, Florida, Texas,  Oregon, California, New Mexico, Alaska. It was the nation’s “Manifest  Destiny,” many Americans believed, to expand into new realms. In the last years of the nineteenth century, with little room left for territorial growth on the North American continent, those who favored expansion set their eyes beyond the nation’s shore. The United States began to consider joining England, France, Germany, and others in the great imperial drive that was bringing much of the non-industrial world under the control of the industrial powers of the West. 1 2. Righteous Scholars and others found a philosophic justification for expansionism in  Charles Darwin’s theories. They contended that nations or “races,” like biological  species, struggled constantly for existence and that only the fittest could survive.  For strong nations to dominate weak ones was, therefore, in accordance with the 
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2012 for the course HIST 2710 taught by Professor Rethjames during the Spring '09 term at Utah Valley University.

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