money laundering - Money Laundering The process of creating...

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Money Laundering The process of creating the appearance that large amounts of money obtained from serious crimes, such as drug trafficking or terrorist activity, originated from a legitimate source.
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the metaphorical "cleaning of money" with regard to appearances in law, is the practice of engaging in specific financial transactions in order to conceal the identity, source and/or destination of money and is a main operation of underground money.
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In the past, the term "money laundering" was applied only to financial transactions related to organized crime. Today its definition is often expanded by government regulators (such as the United State Office of the comptrollerof the Currency) to encompass any financial transaction which generates an asset or a value as the result of an illegal act, which may involve actions such as tax evasion or false accounting. As a result, the illegal activity of money laundering is now recognized as potentially practiced by individuals, small and large businesses, corrupt officials, members of organized crime (such as drug dealers or the Mafia) or of cults, and even corrupt states or intelligence agency, through a complex network of shell companies based in offshore tax havens .
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The increasing complexity of financial crime, the increasing recognised value of so-called financial intelligence in combating transnational crime and terrorism, and the speculated impact of capital extracted from the legitimate economy has led to an increased prominence of money laundering in political, economic and legal debate. In many jurisdictions, money laundering is seen as an "activity based" offense.
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HISTORY Modern development The act of "money laundering" was not invented until the Prohibition era in the United States, but many techniques were developed and refined then. Many methods were devised to disguise the origins of money generated by the sale of then-illegal evasion beverage Following AL capone’s 1931 conviction for tax evasion, mobster Meyer Lansky transferred funds from Florida "carpet joints" (small casinos) to accounts overseas. After the 1934 Swiss Banking Act which created the principle of bank secrery, Meyer Lansky bought a Swiss bank where he would transfer his illegal funds through a complex system of shell companies, holding companies and offshore accounts.
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The term of "money laundering" itself does not derive, as
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2012 for the course AASTT 24 taught by Professor Khlilaburass during the Spring '12 term at Arab Academy for Science, Technology & Maritime Transport.

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money laundering - Money Laundering The process of creating...

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