AP Study Guide Ch 14

AP Study Guide Ch 14 - Chapter 14 Study Guide The Origin of...

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Chapter 14 Study Guide The Origin of Species Describe the specific problems of classifying mosquitoes in London and North America. Concepts of Species Define and distinguish between microevolution and macroevolution. Compare the definitions, advantages, and disadvantages of the different species concepts. Describe five types of prezygotic barriers and three types of postzygotic barriers that prevent population belonging to closely related species from interbreeding. Mechanisms of Speciation Explain how geologic processes can fragment populations and lead to speciation. Explain how reproductive barriers might evolve in isolated populations of animals. Refer to experiments on laboratory-raised fruit flies and to desert pool pupfish. Explain how sympatric speciation can occur and how it typically happens in plants. Explain why polyploidy is important to modern agriculture. Explain how modern wheat evolved.
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