B. Woods Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 STOCK INVESTMENTS INVESTOR...

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26 Chapter 2 STOCK INVESTMENTS - INVESTOR ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING Answers to Questions 1 Only the investor's accounts are affected when outstanding stock is acquired from existing stockholders. The investor records the investment at its cost. Since the investee company is not a party to the transaction, its accounts are not affected. Both investor and investee accounts are affected when unissued stock is acquired directly from the investee. The investor records the investment at its cost and the investee adjusts its asset and owners' equity accounts to reflect the issuance of previously unissued stock. 2 Goodwill arising from an equity investment of 20 percent or more is not recorded separately from the investment account. Under the equity method, the investment is presented on one line of the balance sheet in accordance with the one-line consolidation concept. 3 Dividends received from earnings accumulated before an investment is acquired are treated as decreases in the investment account balance under the fair value/cost method. Such dividends are considered a return of a part of the original investment. 4 The equity method of accounting for investments increases the investment account for the investor's share of the investee's income and decreases it for the investor's share of the investee's losses and for dividends received from the investee. In addition, the investment and investment income accounts are adjusted for amortization of any investment cost-book value differentials related to the interest acquired. Adjustments to the investment and investment income accounts are also needed for unrealized profits and losses from transactions between the investor and investee companies. 5 The equity method is referred to as a one-line consolidation because the investment account is reported on one line of the investor's balance sheet and investment income is reported on one line of the investor's income statement (except when the investee has extraordinary or cumulative- effect type adjustments). In addition, the investment income is computed such that the parent company's income and stockholders' equity are equal to the consolidated net income and consolidated stockholders' equity that would result if the statements of the investor and investee were consolidated.
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27 Stock Investments - Investor Accounting and Reporting 6 If the equity method of accounting is applied correctly, the income of the parent company will generally equal consolidated net income. 7 The difference in the equity method and consolidation lies in the detail reported, but not in the amount of income reported. The equity method reports investment income on one line of the income statement whereas the details of revenues and expenses are reported in the consolidated income statement.
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