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B. Woods Chapter 5 - 1 Chapter 5 Chapter 5 INTERCOMPANY...

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1 Chapter 5 Chapter 5 INTERCOMPANY PROFIT TRANSACTIONS - INVENTORIES Answers to Questions 1 Profits and losses on sales between affiliated companies are realized for consolidated statement purposes when the purchasing affiliate resells the merchandise to parties outside of the consolidated entity. If all merchandise sold to affiliates is resold to outside parties in the same period, there will be no unrealized profit to eliminate in preparing the consolidated financial statements. 2 Gross profit, rather than net profit, is the concept that should be used in computing unrealized inventory profits according to ARB No. 51. 3 The amount of unrealized profit to be eliminated in the preparation of consolidated financial statements is not affected by the existence of a minority interest. All unrealized profit must be eliminated. In the case of upstream sales, however, the unrealized profit should be allocated between majority and minority interests. 4 The elimination of intercompany sales and purchases does not affect consolidated net income. This is because equal amounts are deducted from sales and cost of sales and the net effect on consolidated net income is nil. The importance of the elimination lies in a correct statement of consolidated sales and cost of sales. 5 Consolidated working capital is not affected by the elimination of intercompany accounts receivable and accounts payable balances. Since equal amounts are deducted from current assets and current liabilities, the effect on the computation "current assets less current liabilities" is nil. 6 Upstream sales are sales from subsidiary to parent company. Downstream sales are sales from parent company to subsidiary. The importance of this designation lies in the fact that the profit or loss on such transactions is the selling affiliate's profit or loss. In the case of unrealized profit or loss on downstream sales, all the profit or loss is assigned to the parent company-seller. But unrealized profit or loss on upstream sales is profit or loss of the subsidiary-seller and is assigned to the parent company and minority interest in relation to their proportionate holdings. 7 Yes. If unrealized profits are not eliminated at year end, consolidated net income will be overstated. The ending inventory of one year becomes the beginning inventory of the next year, and unrealized profits in the beginning inventory will understate consolidated net income. The analysis of the effect of unrealized inventory profits on consolidated net income is basically the same as the analysis for inventory errors. Like inventory errors, errors in eliminating unrealized profits are self-correcting over any two accounting periods. Consolidated net income for 2005 is
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2 Intercompany Profit Transactions - Inventories not affected.
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