B. Woods Chapter 7 - Chapter 7 INTERCOMPANY PROFIT...

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208 Chapter 7 INTERCOMPANY PROFIT TRANSACTIONS - BONDS Answers to Questions 1 Intercompany borrowing gives rise to notes or advances receivable from and payable to affiliates, as well as reciprocal interest receivable and interest payable accounts and interest income and interest expense accounts. 2 Direct lending and borrowing transactions do not give rise to unrealized gains and losses. Any income reported by the lender is precisely reciprocal to an expense reported by the borrower, and the transactions are complete on the date consummated. Similarly, direct lending and borrowing transactions do not give rise to unrecognized gains and losses since intercompany amounts received and paid are both realized and recognized from the viewpoint of the separate legal entities. 3 Constructive gains and losses are gains and losses from the viewpoint of the consolidated entity but not from the viewpoint of the separate affiliated companies involved. The purchase of a parent company's outstanding bonds by its subsidiary at a price below the book value of the bonds on the parent company's books results in a constructive gain. Although the bonds are not actually retired, they are constructively retired from the viewpoint of the consolidated entity because they are no longer liabilities of the consolidated entity to outside parties. 4 The book value of the liability is $1,004,700, computed as $1,000,000 plus $10,000 minus $5,300. If an affiliated company purchases half of the bonds at 98, it will record a bond investment of $490,000. From the viewpoint of the consolidated entity, the purchase of the bonds results in a constructive retirement of $500,000 par of bonds payable. The constructive gain on the bonds is $12,350 [($1,004,700 x 50%) - $490,000]. 5 A constructive gain on bonds is a gain for consolidated statement purposes that is not recorded on the books of the separate affiliated companies. The affiliated companies continue to carry the bonds as a liability (issuer) and investment (purchaser) on their separate books. Alternatively, an unrealized gain on the sale of land is recorded on the books of the selling affiliate, but it is not recognized as a gain for consolidated statement purposes because the land is still held within the consolidated entity. Thus, a constructive gain on bonds is realized and recognized from the viewpoint of the consolidated entity but it is not recognized on the books of the affiliated companies. An unrealized gain on the sale of land is recognized on the books of the selling affiliate but is not realized or recognized from the viewpoint of the consolidated entity. 6 Constructive gains on intercompany bonds are realized and recognized through the interest
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209 Intercompany Profit Transactions - Bonds income and interest expense reported on the separate books of the affiliated companies. The difference between the interest income reported by the investing affiliate and the interest expense reported by the issuing affiliate on the intercompany bonds is the amount of constructive gain recognized in each period.
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2012 for the course ACCT 111 taught by Professor Bemo during the Spring '12 term at Nanyang Technological University.

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B. Woods Chapter 7 - Chapter 7 INTERCOMPANY PROFIT...

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