Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 History of psychology Shamans treat...

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Chapter 1 History of psychology Shamans treat people with problems by driving out demons Egyptians and Greek focused on natural physical explanations German Emil kraeplin collected data on various psychological disorders 1880’s Turn of the 20 th century Sigmund freid developed a form of therapy called psychoanalysis- an approach to understanding and treating psych disorders, unconscious mind is the most powerful force behind thought and behavior Psychotherapy, drug therapy, diagnosing mental disorder were developed Empiricism- the view that all knowledge and thoughts come from experience Psychophysics- lab studies of the subjective experience of physical sensations Important psychologists John Locke- believed everyone’s mind was a blank slate and we are shaped by our experiences William Wundt- set up labs in weintz Germany gave its independence from other sciences G Stanley hall- . Open lab at johns Hopkins. Found American psychology association (APA) first president of APA William James- founder of psych in America. Francis Cecil Sumner- mentored by g Stanley hall, first black person to get a PhD in psych Mary whiton kalkins- first female president of APA. Never got her PhD cause she was a woman John Watson- came up with the idea of behaviorism, conducted the little Albert experiment B.f. skinner- responsible for making behaviorism the major approach in experimental psych. Modified Watson’s ideas, argued consequences shape behavior Diagnostic statistics manual- when diagnosing psychological disorders they use this, currently in its 4 th edition. Diagnoses for more than 250 disorders Structuralism 19 th century School of psych that argued that breaking down experience into its elemental parts offers the best way to understand thought and behavior Behaviorism- a school of psych that proposed that psych can be true science only if it examines observable behaviors, not ideas, thoughts, feelings, or motives Cognitivism- a focus on the scientific study on thought. Nature Nurture debate- Nature says that our personalities are influenced by genetic factors and remain consistent across our life span Nurture states we are all essentially the same at birth and are a product of our experiences Nature through nurture- the position that the environment constantly interacts with biology to shape who we are and what we do Sub disciplines -various areas of study
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