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Study_Guide_of_Key_Terms - Study Guide of Key Terms Chapter...

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Study Guide of Key Terms Chapter 6: Consciousness 1. AIM- activation, input, mode three biologically based dimensions of consciousness 2. Alpha waves- pattern of brain when on is relaxed drowsy, slower higher energy waves than beta 3. Attention- the limited capacity to process information that is under conscious control 4. Awareness- other part of consciousness, monitoring of information from the environement and from ones own thoughts 5. Beta waves- pattern of brain activity when on is awake rapid low energy waves 6. Circadian rhythms- variations in psych processe that cylce within 24 hr perid including sleep wake cyle 7. Coma- state of consciousness where the eyes are closed and the person is unresponsive and unarousable 8. Consciousness- awareness of ones surroundings and of whats in ones mind at a given moment, wakefulness awareness, different states of consciousness 9. Delta waves- type of brain activity that dominates stage 3 sleep higher energy than theta waves 10. Depressants- substances that decrease or slow down central nercous activity 11. Dreams- images, thoughts and feelings 12. Endocannabinoids- natural marijuana like substances produced by the body 13. Hallucinogens- create distorted perceptions of reality ranging from mild to extreme 14. Hypersomnia- sleep difficulty characterized by sleeping more than 10 hours a day for 2 weeks or more, nap during inappropriate times 15. Hypnosis- state characterized by focused attention, lack of control over behavior done by someone trained in hypnosis 16. Insomnia- difficulty falling and staying asleep, as well as not feeling rested 17. Latent level- freuds deeper unconcsiousness level of dreams, their meaning is found at this level 18. Manifest level- freuds surface level of dreams, recalled upon wakening 19. Meditation- practices that people use to call mind, stabilize concentration and focus 20. Mindfulness- heightened sense of awareness of the present moment, whether events in ones environment, or in ones own mind 21. Narcolepsy- sleep disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness in facial and limb muscles 22. Non-REM- form of sleep with few eye movements, are slow rather than fast 23. Psychoactive drugs- naturally occurring or synthesized substances that when taken reliably produce qualitative changes in conscious experience 24. Rapid eye movements (REM)- quick movements of the eye during sleep, though to mark phases of dreaming 25. Selective Attention- ability to focus awareness on specific features in the
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environment while ignoring others 26. Sleep Apnea- sleep difficulty that results from the temporary blockage of the air passage 27. Sleepwalking- sleep difficulty characterized by activities occurring during non- rem sleep like walking and eating 28. Stimulants- substances that activate the nervous system 29. Stroop Effect- delay in reaction when color of wors on a test and their meaning differ 30. Sustained attention- the ability to maintain focusesd awareness on a target or idea 31. Theta waves- pattern of brain activity during stage 1 of sleep, lower energy than alpha waves 32. Vegetative state- minimal consciousness in which eyes might open, but person is
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