Justificatory Reasoning - Two Reasons

Justificatory Reasoning - Two Reasons - Jason Lau...

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Jason Lau Justificatory Reasoning: Two Reasons 1/31/12 Photography is not a factual medium of communication. Photographic manipulation has allowed photographers to easily alter and edit the contents of a photograph after it has been taken. Photography when it was invented had such a huge impact in history in the sense that it was able to portray scenes similar to how the human eye would see it. Because of this, people saw photographs as unadulterated representations of the physical world; they are more willing to accept a photograph as fact rather than fiction. The first manipulation techniques that came into existence are ones such as cutting and pasting objects into a photograph. For example, one of the most famous portraits of Abraham Lincoln is not very truthful. It is in fact a photograph of John Calhoun with the head of Abraham Lincoln pasted over the original. Although this photograph was doctored, people do not hesitate to accept this as a legitimate portrait of Abraham Lincoln, due to the widely-accepted and usually mistaken premise that photography accurately represents the subject as it exists in the physical world. Image editing along with the common belief that photographs are factual have caused many people to believe something that is factually false. However, it is not to say that all photographs are have been edited, but rather that it has become near impossible to determine if they have been edited when viewing a photograph. There are so many human-influenced factors that cause photography to be inherently subjective. For instance, the lens, camera body, and various camera settings are all variable determine how a photograph is taken. All these factors are determined by the judgment of the photographer. The photographer chooses his lens and chooses the aperture and shutter speed settings in order to portray a scene a certain way. For example, if two photographers were asked
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2012 for the course WRIT 039 taught by Professor Stein during the Spring '08 term at UPenn.

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Justificatory Reasoning - Two Reasons - Jason Lau...

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