Jan-2. 24, Progress, Social Darwinism, Modernization Theory

Jan-2. 24, Progress, Social Darwinism, Modernization Theory...

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The Idea of “Progress”: Social Evolution & Modernization Theory
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“Modernity,” Cultural Change and the Idea of Progress in World History
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Globalization as Homogenization Argument: Are cultures becoming more similar?
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Critiques of the “Globalization-as- Homogenization” Argument
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Annual Big Mac Index (The Economist)
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Evolution - slow change over time
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Debate in Evolutionary Biology Slow incremental change (“ phyletic gradualism ”) Long periods of stasis with sudden rare splits of one species into two (“ punctuated equilibrium ”) Stephen Jay Gould Fossil record suggests this
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19 th C. Social Sciences Emerging disciplines of sociology, anthropology, political science, economics, criminology Sought to model their theories of human societies on the hard sciences, especially the biological sciences
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3 Key Distinctions within Social Science adaptations of evolutionary theory 1. Two Types of Social Evolutionary Theory Evolution-as-progress (directional change) Evolution-as-adaptation (don’t assume a particular direction of change)
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2. Of those that assume progress, two types: Teleological - assume that a particular direction or outcome is the goal of a
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2012 for the course SAST 063 taught by Professor Lisamitchell during the Spring '12 term at UPenn.

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Jan-2. 24, Progress, Social Darwinism, Modernization Theory...

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