Feb-3. 7-9, Materialism & Idealism, Culture

Feb-3. 7-9, Materialism & Idealism, Culture -...

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Materialist vs. Idealist Forms of Analysis
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Materialist Explanations Economic Ecological or environmental Biological Concrete historical conditions that can be measured Class defined in relation to means of production or economic factors Can often be measured in specific or quantitative ways Keywords: means of production, cultural ecology, environmental/ecological determinism
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Idealist Explanations Cultural or social traits Identity (cultural, ethnic, or class) Class defined in relationship to specific practices or beliefs (not means of production) Values Beliefs Taste “Spirit” (e.g. the “spirit” of capitalism) Status or status markers (refinement, gentility, cultivation or the perceived lack thereof) Mental factors (mentalities) Differences in meaning
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Many authors will discuss both materialist and idealist factors
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Key is to determine the direction of cause- and-effect relationships argued by each author CAUSE EFFECT
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2012 for the course SAST 063 taught by Professor Lisamitchell during the Spring '12 term at UPenn.

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Feb-3. 7-9, Materialism & Idealism, Culture -...

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