New Meningitis Vaccine For Africa (1)

New Meningitis Vaccine For Africa (1) - December 4, 2010

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December 4, 2010 New Meningitis Vaccine Brings  Hope of Taming a Ravaging  Illness in Africa By CELIA W. DUGGER JOHANNESBURG — For over a century, epidemics of bacterial  meningitis  have swept across Africa, arriving with the dry harmattan  winds to kill with terrifying speed. But on Monday, a drive starts to  inoculate tens of millions of West Africans with a new vaccine in what  scientists hope will be the beginning of the end of ravaging  meningitis   epidemics. The aim is for these  immunization  campaigns to spread from Senegal  in the west to Ethiopia in the east, bringing the disease under control  and saving an estimated 150,000 lives by 2015 in a belt of 25 nations  that girds the continent. Hundreds of millions of dollars are still needed to accomplish that  goal, public health officials say. But the meningitis vaccine itself is a  milestone in developing inexpensive vaccines against neglected  diseases that afflict poor countries, experts say. More than a million cases of meningitis have been reported in Africa  over the past two decades, and the vaccine works against the group A  meningitis strain that causes more than 8 out of 10 cases on the  continent. Moreover, it costs less than 50 cents a dose. In the United 
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States, Novartis and Sanofi Pasteur market a single dose of meningitis  vaccines against multiple strains of the disease for $80 to $100. “Wow, that’s remarkable!” exclaimed Dr. Gregory A. Poland, head of  vaccine research at the  Mayo Clinic  in Minnesota, when he heard how  little the new vaccine would cost. Bill Gates
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2012 for the course HLTH 311 taught by Professor Anderson during the Spring '12 term at BYU.

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New Meningitis Vaccine For Africa (1) - December 4, 2010

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