10 - Why benefits to criminals count: A. The lost hunter...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Why benefits to criminals count: A. The lost hunter problem. o 1. If a hunter is lost and starving and comes to a locked, empty cabin containing food and a telephone, it is efficient for him to break in. o 2. Because the benefit to him is greater than the loss to the owner. o 3. Which seems right--but only if we are allowed to count the benefit to him. B. Even if you want to deter it, how much do you want to deter it? o 1. Deterrence is costly. o 2. Its benefit is the net gain from deterring an offense. o 3. Which is greater the greater the damage done to the victim, but also . .. o 4. Greater the less the gain to the offender. o 5. We are willing to pay more to deter an act of arson committed for the fun of watching buildings burn than to prevent a hungry man from stealing food--and would be even if the total damage done to the victims was the same (the hungry man steals lots of food over a period of years, say). C . How do we know what is bad before we know what is inefficient? o 1. Part of the attraction of the economic analysis of law is that we can start with one very simple "moral" assumption--the desirability of economic efficiency-- o 2. And deduce from that that robbery and murder ought to be illegal, contracts ought to be enforced, . .. o 3. If we start out already knowing that robbery is bad, hence gains to robbers don't count, we are rigging the game--guaranteeing that we will get out as efficiency what we put in as ethics.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 3

10 - Why benefits to criminals count: A. The lost hunter...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online