Unit 4 Carbohydrates and Lipids

Unit 4 Carbohydrates and Lipids - Carbohydrates and Lipids...

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Carbohydrates and Lipids
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Carbohydrates “hydrate” or “water” of  carbon Contain carbon,  hydrogen and oxygen  in a ratio of 1:2:1 General formula is  CH 2 O Names of sugars end  in –ose Glucose C 6 H 12 O 6 Sucrose ribose
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Monosaccharides The monomer units of carbohydrates  are called monosaccharides “single sugar” Glucose is a monosaccharide Monosaccharides are Very soluble Good energy sources Important substrates for building other  molecules like amino acids Often part of other molecules DNA = deoxyribose
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Monosaccharides Glucose
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Types of Monosaccharides Different  mono- saccharide s  contain  different  numbers of  carbons
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Structural Isomers Glucose,  Fructose,  Mannose and  Galactose are  structural isomers Same chemical  formula, different  structure
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Disaccharides Two  monosaccharides  linked together Examples Maltose Lactose Sucrose Glycosidic  linkage
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Unit 4 Carbohydrates and Lipids - Carbohydrates and Lipids...

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