midterm study guide

midterm study guide - Reading1 Sourcebook Readings Feb. 7th...

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Sourcebook Readings Feb. 7 th Reading List 1. Pinel Delivering the Insane James C. Harris, M.D. Stories about origins: The “birth” of the asylum Brief (1-page) glorification of Pinel’s achievements as head of Bicetre and later the Salpetriere Hospice by a psychiatrist in 2003. Secondary Ideas and Arguments: Author portrays Pinel as a pioneer of psychiatry.  The following are points that he makes: A. Responsible for distinguishing 4 broad groups of mental disorders: melancholy, mania, dementia, and mental retardation B. Pioneered an objective and empirical (scientific) approach to psychiatry, which gave him modern insights into the field C. Championed the revolutionary idea of patients’ rights and humane treatment. D. Description of painting by Tony Robert-Fleury Pinel freeing the women from their chains at the Salpetriere hospital. How does the reading contribute to larger themes of the course?:  Supports Professor Harrington’s point that the initial “history” of psychology  was one written by psychologists and heads of institutes and very self-glorifying. 2 Psychiatric Therapy in Georgian Britain By Paul Laffey Stories about origins: The “birth” of the asylum, the “birth” of psychiatry Central idea: This paper examines the emergence of “moral treatment” in British psychiatry. It outlines four distinct models of psychiatric  treatment: “classical moral treatment,” the “pious fraud,” “charismatic stewardship,” and “moral treatment.” Secondary ideas/arguments:  A. secularization of madness- madness previously treated by religious members/treatments (ex- fasting, exorcisms). Enlightenment  ushered in a time of reason, which led madness to be viewed as a physical sickness. Then, as British psychiatry developed, the model  of the mind/body interaction was somatopsychic (putting the body first) rather than psychosomatic (putting the mind first). B. By the 1780’s, management became the main treatment for psychiatric disorders. Management was not thought to be a cure in its  own right, and although practitioners advertised that management was equal to, if not better than medicine, internal evidence  suggests they didn’t believe their own rhetoric. C. “Classical Moral Treatment”- The Georgian Age saw a development of a new type of cure- arguing with the mad. Locke wrote  about this in his “Essay Concerning Human Understanding.” He and others believed that madness could be corrected with direct  intellectual confrontation, or argument. Dr. Battie of St. Luke’s was the first British pscyh. to experiment w/ classical moral  treatment. D.
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2012 for the course CB 034 taught by Professor Anneharrington during the Fall '11 term at Harvard.

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midterm study guide - Reading1 Sourcebook Readings Feb. 7th...

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