ADDENDUM_History_of_Science_175_Study_Guide - ADDENDUM...

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ADDENDUM History of Science 175 STUDY GUIDE 5-18-2006 Week 8b/9a 1. - It's easier/more useful if everyone just visits the website, as opposed to my summarizing anything from it. I think the idea is to get a feel for what this group is about. 2. Johnson, Dale. "Schizophrenia as a brain disease" pp. 553-555 Families of persons with a mental illness hold that schizophrenia is a brain disease, especially those in NAMI (National Alliance for the Mentally Ill). One reason is that the person changes so much that their families know the cause has to be basic. Another reason is that parents often know when their child is “different.” The belief that schizophrenia is a brain disease is less stigmatizing than the idea that mental illness is caused by family behaviors. This brain disease idea also offers hope for a cure and treatment. NAMI advocates research into mental illnesses. NAMI emphasizes neuroscience. There is powerful statistical (e.g. twin studies) and scientific evidence (through brain imaging – MRI, PET etc.) that points at a biological basis for schizophrenia. A more comprehensive model to schizophrenia’s etiology is necessary – one that also considers psychological and social context – a.k.a. biopsychosocial model. As a disease is not progressive but marked by remissions and relapses (possibly due to stress). Treatment should not always be purely medical because some forms of the disease are based more on brain dysfunction than others. However, neither medication nor psychotherapy are particularly helpful to many schizophrenics. Rehabilitation centers emphasizing a calm environment are good places for treatment. If schizophrenia is a brain disease, it is necessary to assess the neuropsychological status of a patient. Research reflects a trend in collaboration between neuropsychiatrists and neuropsychologists. Weinberger (1987) provides a framework for new theory of schizophrenia as a brain lesion from early in life interacting with normal maturational events. Understanding adolescence is therefore vital in understanding schizophrenia. NAMI is comprised of psychologists, family members and recovering mentally ill persons. Its main goal is to advocate for more research funding and fight the stigma that goes with being mentally ill. 3. Kay Redfield Jamison, An Unquiet Mind pp. 3-8: Prologue She describes boundless, restless energy and lack of good judgment associated with being manic. Within 3 months of appointment at UCLA (1974) she was ‘manic beyond recognition.’ She struggled for years with her medication. She did not seek treatment for first 10 years. She describes the ups and downs of her youth and her understanding of herself as a person with moods. Knowing this difficulty she wanted to help others. She resisted taking her medication despite knowing it was the best thing for her.
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2012 for the course CB 034 taught by Professor Anneharrington during the Fall '11 term at Harvard.

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ADDENDUM_History_of_Science_175_Study_Guide - ADDENDUM...

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