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SOC 43 Final Exam ReviewREAL

SOC 43 Final Exam ReviewREAL - May12,2010 JoeKrupnick Some...

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SOC 43 Final Exam Review May 12, 2010 Joe Krupnick Some Key Theoretical and Analytic Questions 1. The Micro-Macro link: What is the connection between microsituations and macrostructural outcomes? (Goffman, Collins, Coleman, Hechter). a. Goffman – circumspectly b. Collins- directly c. Coleman – subtle way d. Hechter – subtle e. Structuralists (macro), Situationalists (micro), Rational Choice (micro), share micro level idea i. Different understanding of what micro is 2. The problem of “deviance”: Why has so much of our course preoccupied itself with “deviant” (as opposed to “normal”) social interactions? What can we learn about the interaction order from the machinations of con-artists, potheads, gang turf enforcers, prima donna athletes, “passers”, corrupt leaders, and bad parents? (Goffman, Becker, Lyman & Scott, Fine, Goffman, Coleman, Horne et al.) a. Deviant actions, breaches, interactions that are not normal i. Can learn from non-normal behavior, and significance of deviant social interaction, manipulative 3. The Organization of Interaction: Why does Goffman call the “interaction order” an “order”? Is this term appropriate, given what we have learned about how microsituational interactions work? 4. Boundary Formation: In some ways, it has been argued, the success of group solidarity depends equally on the formation of symbolic and social boundaries. Why are boundaries so important, how are they maintained, and what are the risks associated with their construction?
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5. W.I. Thomas, always the pragmatist, once said, “If men define situations as real, they are real in their consequences.” William James also used to ask the question, “under what conditions do we think things are real.” What are some ways in which the materials we’ve read have illustrated these theoretical conceptions? Final Exam Review I.  The Interaction Order   1. The Interaction Order A. Definition and Key Concepts  (Goffman, “Interaction Order”): Goffman  premises his microsociological theory of social interaction on what he calls the  interaction  order. ”   The key word here is “order”:  It’s an interaction  order  because:   1) Social interaction is in fact orderly and founded on a large body of  shared cognitive presuppositions and self-sustained restraints.   2) Social interaction is often the consequence of  “enabling  conventions” —which are heuristics and ground rules that make social  relations easier.  He distinguishes between “enabling conventions” that are  contractual (ie, based on beneficial consequences) and those that are  consensual (ie, based on beliefs about the conventions’ intrinsic merits).   Either way, though, the function of “enabling conventions” is basically the  same:  To make communication more convenient and establish a common  language upon which we can work to engage in more complex social 
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SOC 43 Final Exam ReviewREAL - May12,2010 JoeKrupnick Some...

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