MIDTERM2 - Shohan Shetty Sociology 43 Exam Review...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Shohan Shetty Sociology 43 Exam Review MOTIVATIONS Estler - What is the distinction Elster makes between consequentialist and  nonconsequentialist motivations? o Consequentialist: oriented toward outcome of action (ends justify means) o Nonconsequentialist: oriented toward action itself (typically natural rights  arguments) o Importance: social norms concerned with actions to prevent outcome  (negative sanctions) – nonconsequentialist with a twist Jasper - What is the difference between maximizing and “satisficing” regarding our goals? o Maximizing is science, satisficing is art Maximize: mathematical model, game with goals/motivations all  equal, maximize based on different decision principles Dubious because of complex combinations, many activities Less realistic for compound players Satisfice: settling for some acceptable level of satisfaction across  many goals, rather than constantly searching for some ideal  maximum Systematic way: developing hierarch, prioritize most  important and move down list Some diminishing returns Hierarchy depends on culture, individual, etc. Organizations can have goals, but not 
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 3

MIDTERM2 - Shohan Shetty Sociology 43 Exam Review...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online