Reading Summaries

Reading Summaries - Reading Summaries Sociology 43 Etzoni-...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Reading Summaries Sociology 43 Etzoni- Motivations Social Norms: A Major Foundation of Social Order - Norms serve as foundations of social order, ensure people will act in ways considered pro-social by their society - Laws supported by social norms more likely to be significantly more enforceable o Congruent with social norms more likely to be enacted - Better and more effective constraints on behavior than law can be Social Norms: Environmental and Intrinsic - Norms not merely part of environment, but also intrinsic o Specified predispositions: preferences o Intrinsic norms: preferences, but other stuff as well - Not only impose cost, but economic resource- motivates work - Social norms in external capacity are very important, but not all-encompassing - Norms are major factor to shape predispositions, wants, individual choice - Environmental vs. Intrinsic o Levels of compliance: tend to violate external more than internal, b/c internal has intrinsic affirmation, resent vs. guilt Adherence to Social Norms: Fixed vs. Shaped by Internalization/Persuasion - Can one convert compliance that relies on environmental factors into compliance relying on intrinsic forces? - General assumption that preferences are given/fixed o Immutability focused on environmental factors - In fact, preferences formed in part by social norms, can change over time as norms change o Sometimes non-rational processes o Although initially elicit compliance through external reinforcement, often subsequently internalized by individuals - Major goal of education is to foster internalization of social norms by children and affect preferences o Adulthood does not make preferences static Non-rational processes continue to change prefs, persuasion, etc. - Actors have some freedom, but also limits to liberate from constitutive influence of social norms Sources of Social Norms - Old rational norms make actors act rationally - New scholars recognize while social norms rational, others are traditional, less rational - Goals Diversity of Goals - Goals numerous but not infinite o Dignity, wealth, command, position, understanding, respect etc.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o Providing for loved, family etc. - Diverse goals not prioritized same by individuals, case-by-case basis - No dominant strategy, choice: o Optimistic principle: maximax strategy Highest payoff of outcomes and working towards o Pessimistic Principle: maximin strategy Picking worst outcome, playing safe
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/05/2012 for the course SOCIAL 043 taught by Professor Timothynelson during the Spring '12 term at Harvard.

Page1 / 5

Reading Summaries - Reading Summaries Sociology 43 Etzoni-...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online