Islam1 - Islam Arabian Peninsula Mecca Medina Damascus...

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Islam Arabian Peninsula Mecca Medina Damascus Baghdad Cordoba Mecca c. 600 ce: trade center pilgrimage center 360 idols in Ka aba ʼ monotheist Jews and Christians lived among Arabs there Ka aba ʼ : sacred black stone associated with Abraham and Ishmael Mohammad born 570 little education worked caravans at 25, a businessman; married 40-year-old Khadija 610: at age 40, received message from angel Gabriel “recite!” ( “Qur an” = “recitation ʼ ”) was from Abraham s god, Allah ʼ Qur an ʼ holy book of Islam Muhammad “last of prophets” Jewish Old Testament had prophets Christian New Testament had prophets Allah the “one true god” All others false Islam ” = “ submit ” / “obey” sim. to Judaism: legalistic; cf. Abraham almost sacrificing Isaac to obey God Muslim ” = “ person who submits / obeys” Preaches monotheism in Mecca elites oppose this “radical” bad for pilgrimage business
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2012 for the course REL REL2300 taught by Professor Frazin during the Spring '10 term at Broward College.

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Islam1 - Islam Arabian Peninsula Mecca Medina Damascus...

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