Thomas Nagel - What Does It All Mean

Thomas Nagel - What Does It All Mean - own...

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What Does It All Mean – Chapter 1 Introduction Philosophical thought is instinctive --- most people ask questions about origin/meaning of life before learning about it in a class Philosophy is different from science and math o Relies only on thought o No formal methods of proof Aim = to push out understanding of the world and ourselves a bit deeper don’t take basic ideas for granted Nine Problems of Philosophy o Knowledge of the world beyond our minds o Knowledge of minds other than our own o The relation between mind and brain o How language is possible o Whether we have free will o The basis of morality o What inequalities are unjust o The nature of death o The meaning of life How Do We Know Anything – Chapter 2 Only thing we can believe is based on our
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Unformatted text preview: own experiences/thoughts • Real world might be hallucination our proof for it is our impression of the way light/vision works might be a hallucination too! o How else can we prove that the world is real? o The Egocentric Predicament • Solipsism – the view that your mind is the only thing that exists • Skepticism – the view that there may or may not be an external world, and it may or may not be completely different from how it seems to you • Verificationism – the view that reality can’t = hallucination because that would mean that someone must know that it’s not real --- w/o a beholder, contrast btw. appearance and reality is meaningless...
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