Thomas Nagel - What Does It All Mean

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What Does It All Mean – Chapter 1 Introduction Philosophical thought is instinctive --- most people ask questions about origin/meaning of life before learning about it in a class Philosophy is different from science and math o Relies only on thought o No formal methods of proof Aim = to push out understanding of the world and ourselves a bit deeper don’t take basic ideas for granted Nine Problems of Philosophy o Knowledge of the world beyond our minds o Knowledge of minds other than our own o The relation between mind and brain o How language is possible o Whether we have free will o The basis of morality o What inequalities are unjust o The nature of death o The meaning of life How Do We Know Anything – Chapter 2 Only thing we can believe is based on our
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Unformatted text preview: own experiences/thoughts Real world might be hallucination our proof for it is our impression of the way light/vision works might be a hallucination too! o How else can we prove that the world is real? o The Egocentric Predicament Solipsism the view that your mind is the only thing that exists Skepticism the view that there may or may not be an external world, and it may or may not be completely different from how it seems to you Verificationism the view that reality cant = hallucination because that would mean that someone must know that its not real --- w/o a beholder, contrast btw. appearance and reality is meaningless...
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