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Unformatted text preview: Total Population: 8,832,000 Percent of population in rural areas: 48% GNI per capita: $7,770 Literacy Rate: 99.5% Life Expectancy m/f (years): 66/70 Highest level of compulsory education: Eight Grade Total Expenditure on health as % of GDP: 5.8% Percent of children under 5 who die of diarrhoeal disease: 13% Percent of agricultural lands: 54.9% Total percent of population with access to improved drinking water sources: 80% Percent of population in urban areas: 52% Total percent of population with access to improved sanitation facilities: 45% Azerbaijan 2. Inhabitants of Azerbaijan are plagued with problems of water access and sanitation, especially suffering from drinkable water shortages from low precipitation and high evaporation. Another problem faced is the use of water for irrigation, soil salinity, and malaria incidence. According to the UN database on water and sanitation issues in Azerbaijan nearly three quarters of the population have access to improved water sources. However, Azerbaijan is poor in terms in available water resources, which is most prominent in the rural areas. In urban areas 76% of the population has access to piped water; however, only 19% of the population in rural areas has access to piped water. 65% of people in rural areas receive their water through public tap, borehole, dug well, or other not improved sources. The water is also polluted by industrial pollutants such as heavy metals, ammonia, and nitrates. Shallow wells in small scale water supplies are contaminated with micro organisms and nitrates. According to the website, since obtaining its independence Azerbaijan’s water quality infrastructure has deteriorated due to insufficient investment and maintenance. Often in many secondary and small towns water insufficient investment and maintenance....
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2012 for the course MIS 598 taught by Professor Fellner/luginbuhl/sills/morais during the Spring '12 term at N.C. State.
- Spring '12