Negative Reinforcement

Negative Reinforcement - PSYCHOLOGY 0405 (L&M):...

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Unformatted text preview: PSYCHOLOGY 0405 (L&M): LECTURE OBJECTIVES AND OUTLINE— FALL 2011 LECTURE: NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT (escape and avoidance learning) Obi ectives: Terms and concepts to learn 1negative reinforcement 1/ avoidance procedure t/escape procedure Vavoidance response 0/ escape response vévoidance trial y escape trial vactive and passive avoidance r/factors that affect escape i/one—way and two—way avoidance t/ extinction of escape filassical conditioning inavoidance learning V examples of escape behavior Vsignaled and unsignaled avoidance fsafety-signal hypothesis yexamples of avoidance behavior flane Piliavin's Study factors that affect avoidance v/Two—Process Theory of Avoidance extinction of avoidance Outline It INTRODUCTION ll. ESCAPE LEARNING AND BEHAVIOR A. Factors That Affect Escape Learning 1. Intensity of adversity . ’4‘ 2. Amount of negative reward (RI) 3. Delay of reward B. Extinction of Escape Response III. AVOIDANCE LEARNING AND BEHAVIOR A. Types of Avoidance Behavior— Active and Passive B. Instrumental vs Classical Condtioning in Avoidance 36a? '1‘? C. Types of Avoidance Procedures ’ l. Unsignaled (freeoperant) avoidance 2. Signaled avoidance Two Process Theory of Avoidance Factors That Affect Avoidance Learning F55 . .. ._ x913 selfimmhém fiffl4fii® .ammmw 7 W .. . ,e _. w: _. ‘ ‘ ' j 7}me JEQM . __ . Mfg? WM $sz WW; V2 r) WWW 1% 5w ' «we MWEma memwé: Shmuius w or; +57“ MUCH/Mm, o-ijzgpfi-xéaVfiJ Eflu'WA/Km “in/MAN“ QWWEémx ghw ‘ - _ ’ , , 4% 12:39.“: 3 r . g a _. ‘ ..__.I _ . ,1”; 3' £323. _ b} . mun“ _ .4, Aw“- " ‘ _..L ,.: A "- i b/c b'IWJnmx/k hm; _ _ ; 7 7 IR E, $615156: $511715; L2? W @ fwmm’. 1 WWAQQJ 7?: «mm 661 Rue .a;m, Vim dam/gm éfilmuius I5 7., E ‘ ._ _ WMMWQJ QWKLQ Swag) Ma M3 «353 4&Inizmfl “afiffimm q..- O 4'M—"3 War 99% 1‘3 he p102,» flem’mzm} “ a .L 9.} ! H.“— l rig-kg: “H W 7 _ - sjfikulus ‘ lg.gjfiw%fiflkmiflaifl _£.. AL." ‘ __..‘,‘§_...=., W HA...“ """‘#'”“W“# Emma: Mafia” M‘. mfi 7 _...._-¢_u. ,7 ..._V.”Ar._._‘:_.._74..___'fia ___..nrm... .. 7 77 mm 77 . . - . - .. . _.—____ n— ‘ k _ _ r .1 M ‘ _ ,- . A; _ _. __ _ I u I I I 1‘. ‘ “7 “t “ “Invig ( H . ' V— I , _ . ‘. n ‘. - f .L . 1' I . , I L . ... K . r -_m# # r : 'q “a : “1 I _‘ . . . A. r ‘ " ‘____ N I l - x \, if ‘ . _ I- ‘_..V . “ I...- .- _ A I “a ‘, _ ._ I. -_ ....-_=_._ . r. _ I I ‘ I I. I “ _.. .-- :_., , M«,.'-._ I _ V . . . .. - - - I H. .I . . ‘ . I - I r \ x a A -' w. .. - m A -- - ., . __.___.“EWWWAAxgmidflmfllaeéflaiflmflf ,- i" 9W_ufif fifi» “3.11;,” r ' W, .WLWJbug.Mfl-fimw#~___;.___________.WiAAMW.._........._-_____m. 7 m.#W_____._fifié&_m:iaflm¥mfléfim;gamfim 'Wimsflimwts ‘ M. M '_,7W7_Mm“_______mfl‘§ygflfm4 tum“- " ‘ 1:” - ' - ; ' f __ / _ Wfikfi ,Mkfl !_.-k_.... . . I 1 7"" ‘1,~-= w.- MWW4EWM-mw__;_*W~_—.Wwwmm_;_m ‘1 .I . .‘ ‘ _“ I ..m§a4z¢igknfigm“icimfigxfiéymfiflmmPf ciame JQQQMW “mm-WWW _ LEM QVOW‘ m- __ ____ M . __m_ WWWWWW km._________n_wW _____ WWW“; ‘;,,moi_mt&&k1%;fin_fl§géjmmwfifl m-" A, AA : mWfififlgggwgfimmm as: _ mfingfigwsjlmg-Lfl.MW _. _ __ WT”. /” fijobgw 741$:— 7‘ ,. w,»u~,_________;wéimasmg@ 4:14.- - . r " - - ‘ ' ~ " u. W‘W new“ "mm W M- ..... __ M W 9-“ 0‘9 Waging; flaggflmmwam .qMMQW 7 ‘ Mi ~W. «1 "Mag 7 -* 7. X31927, AléwwaLmiéwimL ,,;7_ . ._-_-3LL£A.,£§1___€%7 Am MS .13. fig, 5M%%fl%_fig:kégggmmwmfléfiggfldflm%_fl%mgm03%? , W A. ' w— ” “W,W~m—WWEM _- ct» W3 1‘7) m3 78", a , ‘ - " W5"? " "5;;4“. \ . ,, , M§WEJMW£@ Ffiw‘i’fiw W- do WW L * L’ H‘ ' ~ ;- ‘. 2? O‘M _ (1 ,H‘ _' ._$‘mu Q} __ __ . a .mmflmgmgfimm Q; a 7, __ _ I. , 31¢...“ awk- . _.-_ .. : 7- ...8:hi.mu_fu.§ . _____W__rg_~# $-71 . , _ 9%... ' “E's-35.30.;‘481 M +0 ,- . . __ W 7, _ ,, __ - _- 7 __ mfimeg-wégmfimw ,.E‘;7}7Wu7L/§. " - ' - “ "- __ 7 _. _ 3km" fl? Am;is kw. ' swag/WWW __ Lg: , . . 7 “f QgeiAflvfiQ£~,m3.M i WW - unnummwcmnflufl-m-‘fi’ ngmfie, ram. _ . f b); .* "04.6w" ’ “magma ...
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Negative Reinforcement - PSYCHOLOGY 0405 (L&M):...

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