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Unformatted text preview: 1-13-11Kants DeontologyReviewoAristotles Virtue Ethics: Moral theory focused on character, rather than on particularoHumes anti-rationalism: Also focused on character, but holds that morals are derived from moral sentiment, not rationalityoKants Deontology: Moral theory focused on duties and rights, rather than on character or consequences.Reason and MoralityoHume rejects two claims:oMoral properties are discoverable through reason aloneoGoodness is reasonablenessoAccording to Kant:oRight acts are rational and wrong acts are irrationaloWe can determine whether an action is good or bad through reason aloneKant on goodsoQualified Good: good for something, good under certain circumstancesoUnqualified good: good unconditionally, good no matter whatWhat is good without qualification?oA good willonothing can possibly be conceived in the world, or even out of it, which can be called good, without qualification, except a good will.****The Good Will and universalityoGood will: acts on the basis of universal considerationsoNot influenced by subjective, particular determinationsThe Good Will and Duty...
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