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1-18-11 - Character-> motives-> intentions-> action->...

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1-18-11 Character -> motives -> intentions -> action -> consequences Consequentialist – whether the action is right or wrong is based on its consequences Utilitarianism – all of them are consequentialists Utilitarianism Jeremy Bentham o Principle of utility: Maximize good John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) o The Greatest Happiness Principle: o Actions are right insofar as the tend to promote happiness o Actions are wrong insofar as the tend to promote the opposite of happiness Consequences o Consequentialism: an act’s value depends on its consequences (effects on the amount of good) o Universalism: everyone’s good counts equally Motives, intentions, etc. o Utilitarian’s treat what comes before the act as relevant, but only because of consequences; 1. An intention is good if it tends to lead to good actions 2. A motive is good if it tends to lead to good intentions 3. A character trait is good of it tends to lead to good motives 4. A person is good if he tends to have good character traits 5. A society is god if it tends to have good people.
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  • Spring '12
  • MikePatterson
  • Jeremy Bentham, fat man, greatest happiness principle, good character traits, Happiness/ good/ pleasure

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